Biography of Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri
Biography of Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri is from the suburb of Hasar in India. He was born around 1922 or 1923. His parents and grand parents were from a village called “Modi” in the Tahsil of Sarsah.
The area of Hasar had many Ahl e Hadith scholars such as
a) Shaykh Noor Muhammad Sutri: He authored a poem in Punjabi called “Shahbaz e Shariat” upon which Hafiz Muhammad Lakhvi wrote a Sharh in Persian.
b) Shaykh AbdulJabbar Hasari, who was a student of the Muhadith Shaykh Ahmadullah Dehlwi.
c) Shaykh AbdulQadir Hasari: his Maqalat were regularly published in al-Itisam and many other magazines. Shaykh Ishaq Bhatti wrote a detailed biography of him in “Karwan e Salaf”
d) Shaykh Muhammad Ishaq Sutri, who was a student of Shaykh AbdulWahab Dehlwi and member of Jama’at Ghuraba Ahl e Hadith.
Nowadays Hasar is in India’s province Hariyanah. The reason why there were many Ahl e Hadith in this area was due to the fact that Qadhi Muhammad Sulaiman Mansurpuri, the author of “Rahmatul Alamanin” and many other famous books, was judge in Patialah, which has a border with Hasar.
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya’s mother passed away when he was young and his father had remarried. He moved to Jhuk Dado in the suburb of Faisalabad to live with his Khala. There Shaykh Mian Muhammad Baqir from this village had established a Madrasah and Shaykh Muhammad Yahya joined this Madrasah.
When his father heard that he had started religious studies, he was very unhappy as being a Molvi was not seen as good in rural areas and they were not given respect. His father believed that he should start working as a farmer like him and his ancestors from the Rajput family. But Shaykh Muhammad Yahya did not pay attention to his father’s dissatisfaction and carried on studying religious knowledge with great zeal. Shaykh Muhammad Yahya was self-sufficient and was not supported by his household. He did not want to burden his family hence he was working in fields and cutting crops of farmers to support himself.
In Chok Dadu, Shaykh Muhammad Yahya studied from Hafiz Abdullah Budhimalvi. Shaykh Muhammad Yahya considered Mian Baqir as his mentor and Murabbi.
Mian Baqir was a very saintly person. Shaykh Umer Farooq Quddusi said that his father Shaykh AbduKhaliq Quddusi had also studied in the Madrasah of Mian Muhammad Baqir. Few days before the bomb explosion of the 23 March 1987 in which Shaykh AbduKhaliq Quddusi passed away with Hafiz Habib Ur-Rahman Yazdani and Allamah Ihsan Elahi Zaheer few days after, he (Shaykh AbduKhaliq Quddusi) saw Mian Muhamamd Baqir in a dream and Mian Baqir said that he was coming to take him with him and he refused that coming with him was difficult for him, but Mian Baqir insisted and took him with him. Shaykh AbduKhaliq Quddusi interpreted this dream as his time coming near. Shaykh AbduKhaliq Quddusi had a great respect for Mian Baqir and considered him to be a Wali of Allah (Ta’ala).
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya also spent some time on Odhan Wala where he benefited from Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq. He also went to stay some time with Shaykh Ata’ullah Haneef Bhujiyani in Ferozpur, as Shaykh Bhujiyani before the partition was in Ferozpur. With learning books from Shaykh Bhujiyani, he also learned a lot more from his behaviour and characters. After the partition, Shaykh Ata’ullah Haneef Buhjiyani moved to Qasur and then to Gondla Wala (in the suburb of Gujran Wala) where he started his lessons. Shaykh Muhammad Yahya also benefited from Shaykh Bhujiyani in Gondla Wala and there his class fellow was Hafiz Muhammad Yahya Aziz Mir Muhammadi.
Hafiz Muhammad Yahya Aziz Mir had studied before in the Madrasah Ghaznawiyah in Amritsar. Due to the partition and the civil unrest and attacks on Muslims in Amritsar, Hafiz Muahmmad Yahya Aziz Mir returned to his village Mir Muhammad (in the suburb of Qasur) and upon the advice of Shaykh Bhujiyani, he went to study with him in Gondla Wala. As Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri and Hafiz Muhammad Yahya Aziz Mir were class fellows and close friends, some believed that Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri as well studied in Madrasah Ghaznawiyah Amritsar, but he did not, only Hafiz Muhammad Yahya Aziz Mir had.
After studying from Shaykh Ata’ullah Haneef Bhujiyani in Gondla Wala in 1948, Shaykh Bhujiyani sent Shaykh Muhammad Yahya and Hafiz Muhammad Yahya Aziz Mir to study with Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi. They both spent the whole year of 1949 to study with Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi and they studied Sahih Al-Bukhari with him. Every year Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi had many students but this year due to the partition, he had only 2 students in his Masjid Tahili Wali. Shaykh Muhammad Yahya also studied Usul Hadith, Fiqh, Mantiq and Falsafah and other sciences from Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi this year. He studied “Isharat”, “Sullam Al-Ulum”, “Musalam Ath-Thubut”, “Nukhbatul Fikar” and other books from Hafiz Gondalwi who was the only teacher in Masjid Tahili. Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi was very happy with the brightness and intelligence of his 2 students. He said during the speech of the completion of Sahih Al-Bukhari in which many locals came, that it is the first time that he had only 2 students, and in his previous completion, he always felt it was incomplete, but it is the first time that he felt satisfied in his heart, and if he is asked on the judgement day about what he taught, he would reply that he taught these 2 students.
During his studies there, he also studied the Hanafi book of Fiqh “Al-Hidayah” in Gujranwala from Shaykh Muhammad Chiragh who was from the Deobandi school of thought in his Madrasah ‘Arabiyah on GT Rd.
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya had another famous Hanafi teacher, Shaykh Sayid ‘Inayatullah Shah Bukhari, from whom he studied Quranic sciences. Shaykh Inayatullah Shah Bukhari was very happy with Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri and was very compassionate towards him. Once in Sharakpur, Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri had invited Shaykh Inayatullah Shah Bukhari in a conference with Shaykh Dawud Ghaznawi and others. Shaykh Inayatullah Shah Bukhari did a talk in the issue of Tawheed, mentioning all the favours of Allah on human beings and such favours necessitates that he becomes sincere towards Allah and does not do anything bringing a defect towards Tawheed. Shaykh Dawud Ghaznawi was very impressed and requested Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri to invite Shaykh Inayatullah Shah Bukhari on his behalf for the all Pakistan Ahl e Hadith conference. Thus Shaykh Inayatullah Shah Bukhari attended the Ahl e Hadith conference in 1962 on Mochi Darwaza and delivered a lecture on the topic: “Quran Majeed ka Nazriya Tawheed”. This conference was held from the 2 to 4 November 1962 in Bagh Berun Mochi Darwazah and Shaykh Inayatullah delivered his speech on the night of the 3rd November.
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri had also benefited from Shaykh Muhammad Isma’eel Salafi and was among his students.
His Da’wah activities and teaching
After completing his studies with Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi, Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri married around 1950. After marriage he stayed some time in Khanewal and started to work in the clothing sector and with it, he would give lectures and speeches. A little time after, he fell very ill and invoked Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) that if he is cured he would spend more time in the field of Da’wah and less in business, ie giving a secondary importance to his business and make Da’wah his priority, and after his recovery he acted accordingly and up to his death he lived according to this philosophy. He never took all his life any income from the Masjid and had to face difficulties and even had many rich businessman as students but he never spread his hand and lived with simplicity and was never attracted by wealth.
At the end of 1951, Shaykh Muhammad Yahya moved to Sharakpur. An elder from this area near Lahore, Malak Hasan Ali Jami’i went to see Shaykh Dawud Ghaznawi and requested him to send a scholar in Sharakpur to promote the Da’wah of Tawheed. Shaykh Dawud Ghaznawi took advise regarding this from Shaykh ‘Ataullah Haneef Bhujiyani and after their consultation, they asked Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Hasari to move to Sharakpur, hence he became Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri. Shaykh Isma’eel Salafi was also involved in this advise of sending him to Sharakpur. Malak Hasan Ali Jami’i appointed him Imam in a Hanafi Masjid and afterwards he established his own Masjid in Sharakpur.
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri would be very active in the field of Da’wah. He would sometimes go delivering lectures in different areas and return home after few days. Hafiz Muhammad Yahya Aziz Mir Muhammadi would accompany him in many travels for conferences. The Shaykh had a great fervour to teach Tawheed and eradicate Shirkiyah practices. Once he broke with Malak Hasan Ali Jami’i a sign stating: “Ya Shaykh AbdulQadir Jilani Shayan Lillah” outside a Masjid and he and Malak Hasan Ali Jami’i had to face a trial for it.
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri has not authored any book, he wrote epistles on different topics and translated some from Arabic to Urdu. Shaykh Umer Farooq Quddusi wrote: “If the Shaykh’s children compile these epistles in a single volume book, it would be a great scholarly service.” Shaykh Muhammad Yahya also compiled an epistle in which he defended Shah Isma’eel Dehlwi and replied to objections against him, and though this epistle is small, but it covers the topic.
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri’s habit was to deliver lectures of Tafsir of the Quran daily after Fajr prayer and he would stick strictly to this habit. Sometimes even after returning late from a travel, he would insist to complete his lesson of Tafsir after Fajr despite the travel of the previous night. In extreme cases of tiredness, he would delay his lesson of Tafsir after Fajr but would ensure to conduct it after resting after Fajr. He thus completed the Tafsir of the whole Quran twice in his life in his daily lessons. He did not teach in a Madrasah but many in Sharakpur had learned the translation of the Quran and Mishkat Al-Masabih from him. Many civil servants, doctors and rich businessmen were benefiting from him.
His great knowledge
Once Shaykh Umer Farooq Quddusi and Hafiz Ibtisam Elahi Zaheer went to visit Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri, and he mentioned to them that Shaykh Muhammad Sulayman Rori Wale advised him to read books of Imam Ibn Taymiyah and Imam Ibnul Qayim, and thus whatever books of these two great scholars he could find, he would read them.
Shaykh Muhammad Sulayman Rori Wale advised him such when he was young and thought at one point not to complete his religious studies and he had studied enough, so he went just to benefit from the spiritual lessons from Shaykh Sulayman who was a great Arif (cognisant), but Shaykh Sulayman told him that it was a Satanic Waswasah and he should first complete his studies and afterwards he can come to his lessons on Zuhd and piety. And if he is not alive when Shaykh Yahya complete his studies, he must read the books of Imam Taymiyah and Imam Ibnul Qayim and that would be perfect guide for him. He also advised him: “In your life, do not consider any action or statement of the Prophet (saw) as ordinary (ma’mooli) or of little importance”
The great effect of his invocations
Shaykh Ishaq Bhatti wrote: “Molana Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri was an embodiment of the Salaf Salihin, praying Tahajjud, of high Akhlaaq, an orator with an admonishing speech, a scholar of excellent qualities, having compassion for younger and respect for eldest was in his nature”
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri was Mustajab Ad-Du’a, many of his invocations would be answered by Allah (Subhanhu wa Ta’ala) and many people from laymen from all schools of thoughts would request him to invoke Allah (Ta’ala) for them. The person who requested him to invoke Allah, he would name him after Tahajjud when invoking Allah: “O Allah, your servant so and so told me to make a Du’a to You (for him), accept my Du’a”
Many people narrated that they did not have children or no male children and they requested the Shaykh to invoke Allah (Ta’ala) and afterwards Allah (Ta’ala) granted them such. Many people in difficult cases go to people and some give them non legislated techniques but Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri would only invoke Allah for them. Hence Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri became very influent and many people even from different sectors of the society would respect him immensely.
In Bonga Balochan Bhai Phero (in the suburb of Qasur), some politicians had captured the lands of some farmers who were Ahl e Hadith, and they had no political link or influence on judges so they went to see Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri who invoked in their favour to Allah, and afterwards the tribunal gave verdict in their favour. They wanted to gift the Shaykh some land but he refused and said instead to give some as Waqf to Allah, hence a Markaz was established there by him and Hafiz Muhammad Yahya Aziz Muhammadi.
1) Hafiz Masood Alam: He is the eldest son of Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri and among the senior scholars of Pakistan. He studied preliminary books from his father and afterwards joined Jamiyah Islamiyah Gujranwala where he benefited from Shaykh Abul Barakat. He went afterward to Jamiyah Salafiyah Faisalabad. After graduating from there, he further studied in Madeenah University. He did his MA Arabic from Punjab University and started to teach for some time in Jamiah Abu Bakr Karachi and afterwards he became teacher in Jamiah Salafiyah Faisalabad. With teaching at Jamiyah Salafiyah Faislabad, he also teaches in Markaz At-Tarbiyah Al-Islamiyah in Faisalabad which teaches graduates from Dars e Nizami highest books for 3 years.
2) Shaykh Mehmood Ul-Hasan Bazmi: He did MA Library Science, MA Punjabi and MA Urdu. He is Associate Professor in Government College Lahore.
3) Hafiz Muhammad Dawud: He memorised the Quran and studied preliminary books from his father.
4) Hafiz Hamood Ur-Rehman: He graduated from Jamiyah Salafiyah Faisalabad and from Umm-ul-Qurra Makkah Mukarramah. He also did MA Arabic from Punjab University. The Shaykh was sent by KSA to UK and he is the Imam of Makki Masjid in Manchester and an active scholar of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e Hadith UK. He played a key role in the publication of the book “Talkh wa Shirin” of Shaykh Mahmood Ahmed Mirpuri and has other great scholarly services.
5) Hafiz Muhammad Zakariya Saud: He graduated from Government College Lahore and studied in Jamiyah Salafiyah up to Darajah Thanviyah. He did his MA in Islamic sciences from Punjab University.
6) Hafiz Na’eem Ar-Rahman: He did MA economics from Government College Lahore and afterwards graduated from Umm-ul-Qura University Makkah Mukarramah. He did his Phd in Manchester and is equivalent expert in Arabic and English. He is currently Assistant Professor in Umm-ul-Qura University Makkah in the faculty of Islamic Economics and Finance.
Shaykh Muhammad Yahya Sharakpuri passed away on the 9th November 2001. His close friend Hafiz Muhammad Yahya Mir Muhammadi read his funeral prayer. A large crowd of scholars, students and people from all sectors of the society came to his Janazah. Shaykh Umer Farooq Quddusi wrote describing the big crowd at his Janazah: “We could feel that he was in reality a Rabbani scholar, a Faqeer in the court of As-Samad, an accepted person in the court of the Lord of the universe, may Allah (Ta’ala) accept his good actions and increase his levels, and confer him the closeness to Prophets, Siddiqin and Salihin in the hereafter, Ameen!”