Biography of Shaykh Ahmadullah Partapgarhi
Biography of Shaykh Ahmadullah Partapghari Dehlwi
Shaykh Ahmadullah ibn Ameerullah ibn Faqeerullah ibn Sardar ibn Qaim was born in Mubarakpur in the city of Partapghar, province UP before 1282. His father Shaykh Ameerullah had studied from Shah Muhammad Ya’qoob Dehlwi and Shaykh Sakhawat Ali Jonpuri. Shaykh Ameerullah had 4 sons who were all pious but only Shaykh Ahmadullah among them became a great scholar.
Shaykh Ahmadullah’s teachers:
1) Mian Peer Muhammad, from whom he learned books of Persian language such as Gulistan
2) Sayid Muhammad Ameen Naseerabadi (from Rae Brelly) from which he learned book of Arabic grammar and morphology, and he also memorised the Quran from him
3) Shaykh Hidayatullah Khan Jonpuri from whom he learned “Sharh Wiqayah” in Fiqh and from one his student he learned books of Mantiq “Qatbi” and “Mir Qatbi”
4) Shaykh Zayn Al-Abidin Jonpuri Wakeel from whom he learned Tafsir Jalalayn
After studying these books, Shaykh Ahmadullah went to study in Bhopal in the Madrasah of Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan who had passed away, but the Madrsaha had excellent teachers:
5) Shaykh Lutf Ar-Rahman Bardwani, from whom he learned “Mutawal”, “Mir Zahid”, “Mulla Hasan” and other books.
6) Shaykh Husayn ibn Muhsin Al-Ansari Al-Yamani, from whom he read the two Sahih, Tirmizi and Nasa’i
7) Shaykh Salamatullah Jerajpuri from whom he learned “Sahih Bukhari”, “Sunnan ibn Majah” and “Nukhbatul Fikar”
8) Ahmad Sindhi Farokash, who was the student of Mufti AbdulQayum ibn Abdil Hay Budhanwi (a student of Shah Muhammad Ishaq Dehlwi). Shaykh Ahmadullah learned some portions of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim from him
9) Qadhi Ayub Bhopali, who was also a student of Mufti AbdulQayum Budhanwi. Shaykh Ahmadullah learned some portions of Sunnan Nasai and Sunnan Tirmizi from him.
Afterwards Shaykh Ahmadullah went to Ilahabad and studied there from:
10) Shaykh Muneerudin Khan, from whom he learned “Mir Zahid”, “Mulla Jalal” and some portions of “Mutawal”
Afterwards Shaykh Ahmadullah went to Delhi and studied from:
11) Shaykh Muhammad Ishaq Mantiqi Rampuri from whom he learned “Qadhi Mubarak”
12) Deputy Nazeer Ahmad, from whom he studied “Sab’ah Mu’alaqat”, “Mutanabbi”, “Maqamat Hariri” and “Hamasah”
13) Shaykh Talatuf Husayn Bihari (student of Mian Nazeer Husayn Dehlwi) from whom he learned Faraidh (inheritance)
14) Shaykh AbdurRasheed Rampuri (Professor Taybah College Delhi) from whom he learned “Hidayah Akheer”, “Mir Zahid” and “Risalah Ghulam Yahya”
15) Shaykh Nizamudin (teacher in the Madrasah Husayn Bakhsh) from whom he studied “Shams Bazighah”, “Sadra”, “Musalam Thubut”, “Tasrih”, “Sarh Aqaid” and “Khayali”.
16) Mian Nazeer Husayn Delhwi from whom he studied the two Sahih and some portions of other books of “Sihhah Sittah” and obtained Ijazah from him.
17) Shaykh Muhammad Basheer Sahsawani from whom he studied “Mir Zahid”, “Umur Amah”, “Sharh Isharat”
18) Shaykh Shams Al-Haqq Azeemabadi from whom he obtained Ijaza and he also gave Ijaza to Shaykh Azeembadi. They exchanged their Ijaza (Tadabbuj)
19) During his stay in Bhopal, he obtained Sanad Musalsal bil Awwaliyah from Qadhi Muhammadf Machli Shahri
Later on in 1927, Shaykh Ahmdullah Partapghari performed Hajj and obtained there Ijaza from Shaykh Muhammad ibn AbdilLAteef ibn Ibrahim ibn Hasan Aal Shaykh, and also gave the Shaykh his Ijaza. They exchanged their Ijaza and gave to each other their Ijaza (Tadabbuj)
After his studies, Shaykh Ahmadullah Partapghari taught for 20 years Tafsir and Hadith in the Madrasah Hajji Ali Jan. Afterwards in 1921 Shaykh AbdurRahman and Shaykh Ata Ar-Rahman established Dar Al-Hadith Rehmaniyah in Delhi and they appointed Shaykh Ahmadullah Partabghari as teacher there. Afterwards Shaykh Ahmdullah Partabghari taught in the Madrasah Zubaydiyah in Delhi.
1) Shaykh Ahmadullah had compiled his Fatawa in 2 volumes, but one of these volumes was lost during the partition and the second was present with Shaykh Muhammad Yunus Partapgarhi in Pakistan. One of the Fatwa of Shaykh Thanaullah Amritsari present in “Fatawa Thanaiyah” has his approval as mentioned by Shaykh Ziad Tuklah,
2) His epistle “Ta’amul fi Rad ala Risalah At-Tawassul bi Saydil Rusul”
3) He compiled the writings of his teacher Shaykh Sahsawani on “Fatihah Khalf Al-Imam” and published this book.
4) He has started a monthly magazine called “Tabligh Al-Islam” while teaching in the Madrasah Hajji Ali Jan but he could not carry it for long and it stopped when he went to teach in Dar Al-Hadith Rehmaniyah.
5) The Shaykh had letters to Shaykh AbdulHaq Hashmi and also some letters to King AbdulAziz.
The number of his students is too large to be counted, we count among his famous students:
1) Shaykh AbdulJabbar Shakrawi
2) Shaykh Shams Al-Haqq Salafi
3) Shaykh Abu Sa’eed Muhammad ibn Abdillah Luknawi Makki
4) Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi
5) Shaykh AbdulWajid Madrasi
6) Shaykh AbdusSalam Bastawi
7) Shaykh Muhammad Yunus Delhwi
8) Shaykh Ubaydullah Mubarakpuri
9) Shaykh Nazeer Ahmad Rehmani
10) Shaykh AbdulJaleel Rehmani
11) Shaykh Ahmadullah Rehmani Bengali
12) SHaykh AbdurRauf Rehmani
13) Shaykh AbduKhaliq Rehmani
14) Shaykh AbdulQayum Rehmani
15) Shaykh Zaheerudin Mubarakpuri
16) Shaykh AbdulGhaffar Hasan
17) Shaykh Muhammad Akbar Faruqi
18) Shaykh Aziz Zubaydi
19) Shaykh Abu Turab Zahiri
20) Shaykh AbdulWadood ibn AdiTawab Qadirabadi
21) Shaykh Abdul Aziz Sa’eedi
Among Arab students:
22) Shaykh Muhammad ibn AbdiLatif Aal Shaykh, they exchanged ijazah
23) Shaykh Abdullah Qar’awi
24) Shaykh Abdullah ibn Ali ibn Yabis
25) Shaykh Sulayman ibn Hamdan
26) Shaykh Abdul Aziz ibn Rashid Al-Hariqi
27) Shaykh Ibrahim Al-‘Umud
28) Shaykh Yahya Muhammad Lutf Shakir Al-Ahnumi Al-Yamani
Shaykh Ahmadullah Partapgarhi Dehlwi passed away on the 19th March 1943 in Delhi.
The praise of scholars towards him
Shaykh Muhammad Ziad Tuklah wrote: “Al-Muhadith Al-Allamah Al-Kabeer, the Shaykh of Shuyukh, rather the Shaykh of Hadith in India”
Shaykh AbdulQayum Rehmani said: “I have not seem among Arab and Ajam someone similar to him”
Shaykh Ziad Tuklah asked Shaykh AbdulQayum Rehmani if he considers the Isnad Ahmadullah from Mian Nazeer Husayn Dehlwi from Shah Muhammad Ishaq from his grandfather as the narration of Malik from Nafi from ibn Umar, and he replied: “Yes without doubt”
Shaykh Abdul Hay Hasani (father of Shaykh Abul Hasan Nadwi) wrote in “Nuzhatul Khawatir” (8/55): “Ash-Shaykh Al-Aalim As-Salih Ahmadullah Dehlwi, one of the noble pious”
Shaykh Abdullah ibn Abdil Aziz Al-Aqeel said: “Our Shaykh Al-Qar’awi used to praise him and benefited from him in many Uloom and gave us Ijaza from him”
Shaykh AbdusSalam Bastawi wrote in his Ijaza to Shaykh AbdulWakeel Hashmi: “First the noble and precise verifying scholar, the Muhadith, the Mufassir, the destroyer of innovation and Shirk, the transmitter of the Sunnah and the one who mad it apparent, known between the horizons and regions of the earth, our Shaykh Mawlana Ahmadullah ibn Ameerullah Qureshi Partapgarhi then Dehlwi”
Shaykh Muhammad Ozair Shams said in his book on the biography of Allamah Shamsul Haq Azeemabadi about Shaykh Ahmadullah Partapgarhi: “From the greatest Muhadithin in India in his time”
Shaykh AbdurRahman Firyawa’i said in “Juhud Mukhlisah” p 100-101 about Shaykh Ahmadullah Partapgarhi: “He is from the famous scholars of Hadith expert in the sciences of the Book and the Sunnah, he exerted his effort on teaching Hadith his entire life, and Allah gave benefit to a great quantity of people through his lessons, and he reached the leadership of Hadith in his time, most of the scholars of Ahl e Hadith in the Indian subcontinent took from him and became his students, and through him they connected to the Muhadith Nazeer Husayn Dehlwi.
The respect of Hanafi scholars towards him
Shaykh Muhammad Ishaq Bhatti wrote: “Where he was seen with immense respect by Ahl e Hadith scholars, people of knowledge from Ahnaaf would also see him with eyes of respect. The Shaykh’s student Haji Muhammad Rafeeq Zubaydi (who was also from the same hometown as me and also a close friend of mine) told me that the famous Deobandi school of thought scholar Mufti Kifayatullah would come to meet him regarding some matters of Fiqh and would sit with great respect in front of him. The Shaykh would also respect him” (“Gulistan Hadith” p 156)
Source: “Gulistan Hadith” of Shaykh Muhammad Ishaq Bhatti and “Thabat Kuwait” of Shaykh Muhammad Ziad Tuklah