The unreliability of Molana Zafar Thanvi on Hasan ibn Ziyad Lului by Shaykh Zubayr Ali Zai
This article is based on an article in the magazine “Al-Hadith” n 16 of shaykh Zubayr Ai Zay, and all references are from him.
To remain concise, I have not quoted the words of Jarh in “Lisan Al-Mizan” that Shaykh Zubayr declared to have a weak Sanad.
So I only mentionned some Jarh that have an authentic Sanad according to Shaykh Zubayr Ali Zay
Hafiz ibn Hajar said in his “Lisan Al-Mizan” v 2 p 208: “Al-Hasan ibn Zyad Al-Lului Al-Kufi from ibn Jurayj and others, he learned Fiqh from Abu Hanifah, may Allah have mercy upon him, and Ahmad ibn Abi Maryam and ‘’Abbas Ad-Dawri narrated from Yahya ibn Ma’in: liar (Kazzab)…”
The saying of Ahmad ibn Abi Maryam is in “Kamil” v 2 p 731 of ibn ‘Adi an its Sanad is authentic.
The saying of Ad-Dawri is authentic in “Tarikh ibn Ma’in” 1765, see “Du’afa” of Al-‘Uqayli vol 1 p 227 and “Tarikh Baghdad” v 7 p 316 with a Hasan Isnad.
Hafiz ibn Hajar said in his “Lisan Al-Mizan” v 2 p 208: “Abu Hatim said: “He is not thiqah nor Mamun.”
The sanad is authentic, see “Jarh wa Ta’dil” v 3 p 15, also “’Ilal” of ibn Abi Hatim v 2 p 432.
Hafiz ibn Hajar wrote said in his “Lisan Al-Mizan” v 2 p 208: “Ad-Daraqutni said: weak Matruk.”
The sanad is authentic in ‘Tarikh Badhdad” v 7 p 317 with words: “Kazzab Kufi Matruk Al-Hadith” and “Sawalat” of Al-Barqani 88.
Shaykh Zubayr Ali Zay could not find the Sanad of words quoted by Ibn Hajar, meaning “Weak Matruk” but his words in “Tarikh Baghdad” are stronger.
Hafiz ibn Hajar said in his “Lisan Al-Mizan” v 2 p 208: “Muhammad ibn Rafi’ An-Nisapori said: “Hasan ibn Zyad would raise his head before the Imam and he would do Sajdah before the Imam”
The Sanad of this is authentic, see “Du’afa” of Al-‘Uqayli vol 1 p 227-228, also “Akhbar Al-Qudhat” of Waki’ ibn Khalf v 3 p 189.
Hafiz ibn Hajar said in his “Lisan Al-Mizan” v 2 p 208: “Abu Dawud said from Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali Al-Halwani: “I saw Al-Lului kissing a boy while he was in Sajdah”
The Sanad is authentic, see “Tarikh Baghdad” v 7 p 316.
Hafiz ibn Hajar said in his “Lisan Al-Mizan” v 2 p 209: “Yazid ibn Harun was asked: what do you say about Al-Lului, and he answered: Is he a Muslim? Ya’la ibn ‘Ubayd said: fear from Al-Lului”
And Zubayr Ali Zay authenticated these two narrations.
Hafiz ibn Hajar said in his “Lisan Al-Mizan” v 2 p 209: “Ya’qub ibn Sufyan, Al-‘Uqayli and As-Saji said: Kazzab. An-Nasa’i said: he is neither Thiqah nor Mamun”
The saying of Ya’qub ibn Sufyan is authentic, see “Kitab Ma’rifat At-Tarikh” v 3 p 56.
The saying of Al-‘Uqayli was not found by Zubayr Ali Zay but he said Al-‘Uqayli mentioned him in his “Dua’afa”
And the saying of As-Saji also was not found.
The saying of an-Nasai is in his book “Kitab Ad-Du’afa wal Matrukin” 156, and he said in “Tabaqat” p 266 and p 310 of another edition: “Hasan ibn Zyad al-Lului Kazzab Khabith (filthy liar)”
Then ibn Hajar said that Abu Awanah in his “Mustakhraj” and Al-Hakim in his “Mustadrak” narrated from him and he was declared Thiqah by Maslamah ibn Qasim.
So Ibn Ma’in, Abu Hatim, Ad-Daraqutni, Abu Rafi’ An-Nisapori, Hasan ibn ‘Ali Al-Halwani, Yazid ibn Harun, Ya’la ibn ‘Ubayd, Ya’qub ibn Sufyan, Al-‘Uqayli, An-Nasa’i have clearly weakened Al-Lului and many of the them told him to be a liar.
Then Zubayr Ali Zay mentioned other scholars who authentically weakened him
Ishaq ibn Isma’il said to Imam Waki’: Nowadays the Sunnah is in drought, and Waki’ said: “How do you want that not to happen when Hasan Al-Lului and Hammad ibn Abi Hanifah became Qadhi”
This is narrated by Al-‘Uqayli in his “Du’afa” v 1 p 228 with an authentic Isnad.
Al-Juzjani said in his ‘Ahwal Ar-Rijal” p 76-77: “Asad ibn ‘Amr, Abu Yusuf, Muhammad ibn Al-Hasan and Al-Lului, Allah saved (us) from them”
Ibn Al-Jawzi mentioned him in his “Du’afa wal Matrukin” v 1 p 202.
Ibn Al-Athir said in his “Ghayat An-Nihayah” v 1 p 213 : “He is weak in narration, more than one declared him to be a liar”
Az-Zahabi said in “Al-‘Ibr” v 1 p 270: “People of six books did not narrate from him because of his weakness”
Ibn ‘Adi said in his “Kamil” v 2 p 732: “And he is weak”
Hafiz Sam’ani said in his ‘Ansab” v 5 p 146: “People spoke against him, and he is nothing in Hadith”
Ibn Shahin mentioned him in his “Tarikh Asma Ad-Du’afa wal Kazabin” n 118.
Hafiz Al-Haythami said in his “Majma’ Az-Zawaid”: “And there is in it (Sanad) Al-Hasan ibn Zyad Al-Lului and he is Matruk”
And contrary to all of these Hufaz, the author of “Sirat Mansur Hallaj”, Zafar Ahmad Thanvi Uthmani declared Hasan ibn Zyad Al-Lului to be Thiqah in his “I’la As-Sunnan” v 3 p 27.
Zubayr Ali Zay said: “By this quote, the status of the book “I’la As-Sunnan” of Zafar Ahmad Thanvi becomes clear, how these people try to make lie truth and day night. On one side a great group of noble Muhadith declare Hasan ibn Zyad Al-Lului to be a liar and Matruk, on the other side Zafar Ahmad Thanvi Deobandi tried to declare him Thiqah by failure, Subhan Allah”
Then Shaykh Zubayr mentioned that Zafar Thanvi Sahib mentioned the saying of Yahya ibn Adam: “I did not see someone more Faqih than Al-Hasan ibn Zyad” and this quote is unreliable. This is narrated by Qadhi Husayn ibn ‘Ali As-Sumayr in his book “Akhbar Abi Hanifah wa Ashabihi” and two of its narrators Muhammad ibn Mansur and Muhammad ibn Ubaydillah Al-Hamdani are not known to be Thiqah, and the teacher of As-Sumayr, Ahmad ibn Muhammad As-Sarafi is criticized, see “Tarikh Baghdad” v 5 p 69.
So this shows the clear Ta’asub of these Deobandis and insha Allah more will come from falsehood of Zafar Thanvi in his “Qawaid Ulum il Hadith” in which he attacked many muhadith declaring them to be Muta’asib in the same way as the Dajjal Al-Kawthari. Thanvi attacked great Imams such as Nu’aym ibn Hammad with words of Dulabi, while Thanvi did not have courage to answer the refutation of Ad-Dulabi by ibn Hajar and others. This is the cowardice of these people, they cannot answer and just fool people. Insha Allah more extracts will come from the book “Inam Zukan” of Shaykh Badi’udin Shah Rashidi, book refuting “Qawaid Ulum il hadith “ of Zafar Thanvi.
May Allah send Salah and Salam on the Prophet (saw), his household, Companions and those who follow them.
Compiled by Ali Hassan Khan.