Explanation of Hadith on giving protection to criminals and innovators in Madinah
Shaykh SafiuRahman Mubarakuri explanation of protecting a Muhdith in Madinah
Hadith 3323: Asim said: “I said to Anas ibn Malik: “Did the Messenger of Allah (saw) declare Al-Madinah sacred?” He said: “Yes what is between such and such and such and such. And whoever introduces any Hadath in it- He said: “Then he said to me: “It is a serious matter: “Whoever introduces any Hadath in it, upon him be the curse of Allah, the Angels and all the people and on the day of Resurrection Allah will not accept from him any Sarf nor Adl” Ibn Anas said: “Or (anyone) who grants refuge to a Muhdith”
Shaykh Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri explains this Hadith in his “Minnat Al-Mun’im” v 2 p 351:
“Whoever introduces (in it)” meaning manifests “Hadath” with 2 Fathah, meaning an evil or an innovation, whether this evil is from habit or custom, such as Fitnah, dissension, crime or from the point of view of Shar’, such as innovations and immoralities…
“Or (anyone) who grants refuge to a Muhdith” meaning JOINS (Dhamma) an innovator or criminal and supports (Hamahu) him, and strengthens him (makkanahu) and GIVES SANCTUARY TO HIM (ajarahu) FROM HIS OPPONENT and he INTERFERES BETWEEN HIM BEING RETRIBUTED, and this when read “Muhdithan” with a Kasrah on the Dal.
And it was also read with a Fathah on the Dal, and it is the matter innovated itself, so the meaning would be protection in it (innovation), satisfaction of it and being patient upon it, verily when he is SATISFIED with his innovation, and APPROVES HIS AUTHOR UPON IT and does not reprimand it (innovation), he has protected it (innovation)” End of Shaykh SaifurRahman Mubarakpuri’s speech.
Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan on protecting Muhdithan in Madinah
Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan in his explanation of the summary of Sahih Muslim entitled “As-Siraj Al-Wahaj” on the Hadith 3327 narrated though Ali ibn Abi Talib:
‘Ali b. Abi Talib (Allah be pleased with him) addressed us and said: He who thought that we have besides the Holy Qur’an anything else that we recite, he told a lie. And this document which is hanging by the sheath of the sword contains but the ages of the camels, and the nature of the wounds. He (Hadrat ‘Ali) reported Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) as saying: Medina is sacred from ‘Air to Thaur; So if anyone makes an innovation or accommodates an innovator, the curse of Allah, the angels, and all persons will fall upon him, and Allah will not accept any obligatory or supererogatory act as recompense from them. And the protection granted by the Muslims is one and must be respected by the humblest of them. If anyone makes a false claim to paternity, or being a client of other than his own masters, there is upon him the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people. Allah will not accept from him any recompense in the form of obligatory acts or supererogatory acts. The hadith transmitted on the authority of Abu Bakr and Zabair ends with (these words): The humblest among them should respect it; and what follows after it is not mentioned there, and in the hadith transmitted by them (these words are) not found: (The document was hanging) on the sheath of his sword.
Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan wrote:
“Fa man Ahdathat fiha Hadathan”: “He said in “Sharh Al-Muntaqa”: Meaning acted against the Sunnah as the one who introduces an innovation there”
“Aw awa Muhdithan, fa aleyhis La’natullahi”: “…Iyadh said: the meaning is whoever commits sin in it or protects the one who commits one and joins him and supports him (hamahu)…
I say: and the Hadith includes everyone who Ahdatha in it and protects a Muhdithan in ancient times and will do such in the future, and among the ancient times, the armies of Yazieed ibn Muawiyah due to the severe threat upon the one who commits such.” End of Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan speech
Shaykh Abdul Aziz Alawi on Hadith protecting innovator in Madinah:
Shaykh Abdul Aziz Alawi wrote about the same Hadith of Ali in his Urdu Sharh Sahih Muslim “Tuhfatul Muslim” v 4 p 339:
“Hadath means a crime or an innovation and Muhdith means a criminal or an innovator. In the same manner as there is a serious Wa’eed on crime and innovation, giving protection (Tahafuz) and a sanctuary/refuge (Pana) to an innovator and a criminal is a serious crime…”