Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi views on politics and cooperation in it
Hafiz Muhammad Gondalwi, one of greatest scholar of Ahl e Hadith omvement and senior leader of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e hadith Pakistan, wrote in “Tanqeedul Masail” about politics in Pakistan:
“Ahl e Hadith should not try to make their political group separate, likewise Deobandis should leave the thought that politics should be in their possession, and upon this analogy the Brelwis should not think to make to have a separate political structure, likewise Shia and Sunnis should not make different political associations, but with task mentioned before, they should try internal Islah (reform) as well, as Hazrat Musa (as) organised all Bani Israil, good and bad, for work of freedom, and with it he did their internal Islah”
Shaykh Ismaeel Salafi views on elections and cooperation in it
Allamah Muhammad Ismaeel Salafi, who was appointed secretary general and then president of “Jamiyat Ahl e hadith Pakistan” by our major scholars, wrote in “Itisam” 19 october 1953, as quoted in “Nigar Shaat” p 546, entitled
“The determination of the political position of Jamaat Ahl e Hadith”:
“1) Kul Maghrabi Pakistan Ahle hadith conference’s sitting declares that Jamaat Ahl e Hadith excepts and works for the implementation of a constitution that is based on the Book and the Sunnah, and it cannot cooperate with any party which openly wants to make this country into a non religious state or tries to misuse Islam’s name to secretly make a non religious state, and it can cooperate with any party which assists its position.
2) Jamat Ahl e Hadith is trying to get elected in this country such people who would established a correct Islamic society and which will try to stop non religious tendencies
3) Jamaat Ahl e Hadith likes the democratic system for this country and this is why it will not favour such a system which contradicts democratic norms and that is tyrannical or dictatorial way of governance.
4) Jamat Ahl e Hadith does not like such an economical and social system that is based on communist principles or firm on capitalism rather it should be based on pure Islamic principles of justice, equality, in which poor’s rights are protected in most complete manner and rich do not have in any condition capacity to take the rights of poor people.
5) Among the most important aims of the life of Jamat Ahl e Hadith is peace in Pakistan and making efforts for its security, and not to try to do anything that would harm Pakistan’s peace and security.
7) For this aim, it is necessary to tell all Ma Tahta Jamaat that at the time of preparing the list of voters, that all Baligh members of the Jamaat of the place, men and women, establish their vote with zeal and courage, and they should not be prone to laziness and procrastination.
8) This conference warns all Jamaat that if they do not accomplish this obligation, and if they have shortcomings and Ghaflah (heedlessness) in this obligation (Farz), this country will fail to achieve its true positition and it will face humiliation, difficulties, harms, which none believes to be tolerable”
Shaykh Isma’eel Salafi’s article “The continuous way of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e Hadith for the Ittihad of Religious parties” PART 1:
“The activity of the election board of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e Hadith Maghrabi Pakistan which has been published in Al-Itisam’s August number, the election board has compiled a speech for press release, which summary is that the invitation for Ishitrak e Amal given by Nizam e Islam Party and Jamate Islami for the next elections, the election board has examined with compassion the invitation of these 2 Jamaats and decided according to its ancient and continuous policy that Jamaats who are religious minded (Deen Pasand) THEIR WORKING TOGETHER in this critical moment is an extreme necessity, and to decide further details the president of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e Hadith has been mandated to speak to leaders of these Jamaats so the election board can make its final decision.
After publishing this decision some of our well wishers have criticised us in some form that this action of the Ahl e Hadith Jamaat is against Islamic teachings or Islamic necessities or that it is not suitable for the Jamaat Ahl e Hadith. To make such friends aware with all the readers of Al-Itisam, we felt the necessity to mention the policy of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e Hadith, which has been continuous since 1952, with such details so that the reality is made aware to all, that Markazi Jamiat Ahl e Hadith has been doing efforts to make a UNITED FRONT with parties holding a religious mind to oppose all anti religious forces, and without any distinction or particularity, it has been inviting for Ittihad all religious parties for a COMMON ISLAMIC BENEFIT.
For the Islamic constitution:
First when the necessity was felt to make a united front for calling for an Islamic constitution, then Markazi Jamiat said Labayk to this call, and participated through its representants in the Ijtima of Karachi which took place at the beginning of 1952. In this Ijtima, Jamiat Ullama e Islam, Jamiat UIlama e Pakistan, Jamiat Ahl e Hadith, Jamate Islami, so Deobandi, Ahl e Hadith, Brewli, Shia and Sunni, all these sects’ respected scholars participated in it. And it can be said with pride that to oppose anti religious forces, the way ALL MUSLIMS FROM DIFFERENT SCHOOLS OF THOUGHTS gave a proof of Ittihad e Amal and Whadat Fikr, this is a very important event in the history of Islam”
Shaykh Ataullah Haneef Bhujiyani’s views on cooperation in elections:
Shaykh Ataullah Haneef Bhujiyani wrote in “Al-Itisam” on 5th September 1969 (Athar Haneef v 3 p 225) :
“We think that Al-Hamdulillah the foundation of the Fikri Ittihad of the noble scholars of Pakistan is present fortunately. To build on it is not difficult with the leadership of Molana Mufti Muhammad Shafee, Molana Muhammad Yusuf Binnori, Molana Ihtishamul Haq Thanvi, and Molana Zafar Ahmad Thanvi.
As for Jamaat Ahl e Hadith, it is as usual adopting the policy of Molana Sayid Muhammad Dawood Ghaznavi (rah) and Molana Muhammad Isma’eel (rah).
But there is a need to act with an open heart and mind like Molana Mufti Muhammad Hasan Amritsari (Lahore) and Molana Ahmad Lahori, so that a mutual front on common issues can be established on strong foundations…”
Shaykh Ataullah Haneef Bhujiyani wrote in “Al-Itisam” on the 24th October 1969 (Athar Haneef v 3 p 238):
“As for the policy of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e Hadith Maghrabi Pakistan, we have pointed to it in “Al-Itisam” of the 5th Spetember 1969, that the Jamiat is walking on the footsteps of its 2 former leaders (Shaykh Dawood Ghaznawi and Shaykh Muhammad Isma’eel), and the statements of the current president and secretary general of the Jamiat concerning this have come in the newspapers.
The fact is that regarding socialism or Islamic socialism, the groups or individuals who are active against communism or secularism, they will have the help of every member of Jamaat Ahl e Hadith by His (Ta’ala) Tawfeeq.
We are appreciating the efforts of the leaders of Markazi Jamiyah Ullama Islam, Molana Zafar Ahmad Usmani, Mufti Muhammad Shafee, Molama Ihtishamul Haq and their colleagues against this great Fitnah, may Allah give us further Tawfeeq that by being united at this crucial point we can eradicate this Fitnah”
Shaykh Ataullah Haneef wrote in Al-Itisam 14 August 1970:
“We make an appeal to the groups who support an Islamic system and the ideology of Pakistan, that they should not be lured by the hope of elections postponement, rather should prepare to face the difficult realities of elections, and they should abandon the laziness created by such false expectations, and should male AS QUICK AS POSSIBLE A COMMON FRONT”
Dr Muqtada Hasan Azhari’s view on cooperation with other groups
Shaykh Dr Muqtada Hasan Azhari , a senior leader of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e hadith Hind and Jamiayh Salafiyah Banaris, wrote:
“Ishtirak and Ta’awun with Muslim groups:
Jamaat Ahl e Hadith believes in the teachings of Kitab wa Sunnah, and among its teachings, one important teaching is Ta’awun alal Birr wa taqwa (helping upon good and piety), it has been clarified in the Nass Qurani (clear Quranic text), and our Tarikh (history) is a practical Tafseer (explanation) of this Ta’awun and Tanasur (saving each other), and nowadays all Batil (false) forces are united against Islam, and this is verified in the condition of our country (India). Maybe our leaders in near past had predicted current events, hence in their writings and speeches, they appealed for this Ta’awun, Shaykhul Islam Thanaullah Amritsari (rah), and Allamah Muhammad Isma’eel Salfi of Gujranwala (rah)’s writings contain calls to this Ta’awun and Ishtirak (cooperation).
Though there is a basis in Islamic teachings of Ishtirak and Ta’awun, so we should be ready for this, but in light of experience, we must pay attention to some matters:
1) The first condition for Ishtirak and Ta’awun is that it should not affect our principle of following the Kitab and Sunnah, and the sphere of Ta’awun is such a topic in which the Ummah has a clear benefit.
2) Ta’awun and Ishtirak does not mean Tab’iyat (one follows the other), and it is seen that one Jamaat because of its number and resources tries to make the other as its subaltern.
3) Ta’awun with others will only be in common matters, which we cannot solve alone, but of there is a topic that we can resolve on our own, and it is part of our active programs, then we should move forward and try to solve them alone, and make an example for the others to follow. In India the movement (Tahreek) of the two Shaheed (insha Allah) was established, the majority of Muslims did not join it, but with its force of Eman and sincere intention, it replenished on all others….(The Shaykh mentioned other points after)
Source: “Hindustan mein Tahreek Ahl e Hadith or Jadeed Taqadhe Tarikh wa Ta’aruf”
View of Shaykh Ridhaullah Mubarakpuri on mutual cooperation
Shaykh Ridhaullah Mubarakpuri, one of the leaders of J wrote as in “Mazameen Mubarakpuri” p 133-134:
“History is witness that Jama’at Ahl e Hadith took part in every action whose aim was to bring agreement and unity in the ranks of the Muslim Ummah, and was very active and played an effective role in all religious and political movement which was raised for the general benefit of the Muslim Ummah, rather at a crucial point a humble request was made to a Deobandi elder to take the position of leadership and for this reason many delegations went to see him, one group led by Shaykh Fazl Ilahi Wazeerabadi who was among the responsible member in India of the noble movement of Shaykh Sayid Ahmad Shaheed Barelwi and was at a post of leader in the emirate of Yaghistan in the Jami’iyah Aaliyah Mujahideen, but until the end the Deobandi elder did not accept this request and upon the advise of his close people performed Hijrah to Hijaz. (For details read “Ullama Deoband la Madhi Tarikh ke Aine mein” of Shaykh Hakeem Mahmood)…
Likewise it (Jama’at Ahl e Hadith) supported the Ummah in all Milli movements established after, whether it was the movement of Jam’iyah Al-Ullama or the movement of Nadwah Al-Ullama, whether it was the issue of the Muslim Personal Law Board or Deeni Ta’limi Council, whether it was the issue of Milli Council or any other Milli movement. They took part equally in them, rather played key roles and exerted a wonderful role in starting and improving some (of these movements)…”
Shaykh Ridhaullah wrote in footnote about Nadwah: “Nadwah Ullama Dar Al-Uloom’s foundation was on the hand of Shaykh Muhammad Hafeezullah Nadwi (who was a student of Sayid Nazeer Husayn Dehlawi). He was since its creation up to 1905 the Mudaris Awal and Principal, and after he went to Dhakah”
Shaykh Mukhtar Ahmad Nadwi’s view on Politics in India:
Shaykh Mukhtar Ahmed Nadwi (rah), former head of Markazi Jamiat Ahl e Hadith Hind, alarming message for Muslims of India to unite politically after the destruction of Babri Masjid:
“When the cities of India heard the news that the historical respected symbol Babri Masjid which was since 4 centuries a sign of India’s culture and suddenly it was made Saheed by extremists and now BJP made RSS leader Shok Sanghal to stand to turn it into a Ram temple . Without any doubt it is an very sensitive and historical turn and if Muslims remain deaf and mute and keep their tongue silent, then it would amount to political suicide and Milli death of Muslims of India, and maybe after all signs of Islamic history will be exterminated one after the other…In reality we are standing at time of life and death for Muslims of India…
And it is regrettable that Muslims do not have a Muttahidah PLATFORM and neither do they have a Muttafiqah LEADER, hence we will remind the Muslims of India to wake up for their dream of Ghaflah and first of all they should take care of the security of their religion and faith, and like they pray in the Masjid behind one Imam, in the fields of politics as well they should accept the leadership of ONE leader and by uniting they can face this storm of disrespect and use their political rights and establish a clean political atmosphere. UNTIL MUSLIMS DO NOT UNITE, they have no Qeemat (value)”
(Al-Balagh July 1998 as quoted in “Molana Mukhtar Ahmed Nadwi, Hayat wa Khidmat, p 698)
Note: This is the view of the great majority of our scholars, one can check their biographies and see they were members of many bodies in India and Pakistan with other groups.