The weakness of Imam Abu Hanifah in Hadith
Article of Abu Rumaysah on the weakness of Imam Abu Hanifah in Hadith
We are reluctant to discuss this topic with regards to this great Imaam, but since Saqqaaf has made the accusation we reply by saying: that fact that he was da`eef was the position of ibn al-Mubaarak, ath-Thawree, ibn Ma`een in one of two sayings from him, Ahmad, Muslim, Nasaa`ee, ibn Adee, ibn Sa`d, al-Uqailee, ibn Abee Haatim, ad-Daaruqutnee, al-Haakim, Abdul Haqq al-Ishbelee, adh-Dhahabee, Bukhaaree, ibn al-Jawzee, ibn Shaheen, [al-Qurtobee, ibn Abdul Barr] and others.
Saqqaaf cuts up the words of al-Albaanee, here are his full words, “its isnaad is da`eef, its narrators are trustworthy being the narrators of Bukhaaree, except Abu Haneefah for he, despite his excellence in fiqh, the Imaams have declared him weak for his poor memorisation, and I have mentioned the names of these Imaams in ‘ad-Da`eefah’…”
Al-Albaanee says in ad-Da`eefah [1/572] concerning an isnaad containing Abu Haneefah, “the narrators of this isnaad are trustworthy and precise except Abu Haneefah who has been declared to be weak due to his poor memorisation by Bukhaaree, Muslim, an-Nasaa`ee, ibn Adee and other Imaams of Hadeeth. This is why ibn Hajr in ‘at-Taqreeb’ does not go beyond describing him as, ‘the famous faqeeh’.”
He says in ad-Da`eefah [1/662+], “I will mention here the texts from the Imaams, from those that are authentic to them, so that the reader may be upon sure knowledge concerning this and not think that this is some new ijtihaad from me for all that is done here is to follow the People of Knowledge and specialists in the field. Allaah the Mighty and Magnificent says, ‘ask the people of knowledge of you do not know’ and He says, ‘ask about Him from any who are acquainted.’
Imaam Bukhaaree said in ‘Taareekh al-Kabeer’ [4/2/81], “they have remained silent about him.”
Al-Haafidh ibn Katheer says in ‘Mukhatasar Uloom al-Hadeeth’ [pg. 118], “if al-Bukhaaree says about a a man, ‘they have remained silent about him’ or ‘he has a problem’ then he is in the lowest and worst levels with him – but he is mild in his use of terms of criticism so know this.”
Al-Iraaqee said in his ‘Sharh al-Alfiyyah’, “al-Bukhaaree says this about those whose hadeeth is abandoned.” Refer to ‘ar-Raf` wa at-Takmeel’ [pg. 282-183]
Al-Marwazee says in ‘Masaa`il al-Imaam Ahmad’, “I asked: when is the hadeeth of a person abandoned? He replied: when he more often than not makes mistakes.”
So consider carefully since this saying of al-Bukhaaree is qualified criticism – contrary to what some people think.
Imaam Muslim says in ‘al-Kunaa wal Asmaa’ [q. 31/1], “mudtarib al-hadeeth (confused and mixes up hadeeth). He does not have many authentic hadeeth.”
Imaam an-Nasaa`ee says at the end of ‘ad-Du`afaa wal Matrookeen’ [pg. 57], “he is not strong in hadeeth and he makes many mistakes despite the fact that he only narrates a few narrations.”
Ibn Adee says in ‘al-Kaamil’ [2/403], “he has some acceptable hadeeth but most of what he narrates are mistakes, errors and incorrect additions in isnaads and texts and errors regarding peoples names – most of what he narrates is like this. Out of all that he narrates, only ten odd ahaadeeth are authentic and he has narrated around three hundred ahaadeeth including famous and strange ones – all of them in this way. This is because he is not from the People of Hadeeth and hadeeth are not taken from one such as this in the field of hadeeth.”
Ibn Sa`d said in ‘at-Tabaqaat’ [6/256], “he is da`eef in hadeeth.”
Al-Uqailee says in ‘ad-Du`afaa’ [pg. 432], “Abdullaah bin Ahmad narrated to us saying: I heard my father (Imaam Ahmad) say: the hadeeth of Abu Haneefah are da`eef.”
Ibn Abee Haatim said in ‘al-Jarh wat-Ta`deel’ [4/1/450], “Hajjaaj bin Hamzah narrated to us saying:Abdaan ibn Uthmaan narrated to us saying: I heard ibn al-Mubaarak say: Abu Haneefah was miskeen (poor) with regards hadeeth.”
These two isnaads (of 6&7) are saheeh. I have checked them so that no one should think that perhaps they are like some of the isnaads quoted in the biography of the Imaam in ‘Taareekh Baghdaad’.
Abu Hafs ibn Shaaheen said, “Abu Haneefah with regards to fiqh then no one can fault his knowledge however he was not pleasing in hadeeth…” As is quoted at the end of ‘Taareekh al-Jarjaan’ [pg. 510-511]
Ibn Hibbaan said, “…hadeeth was not his field. He reported one hundred and thirty musnad ahaadeeth and no more, erring in one hundred and twenty either through reversing the isnaads or changing the text without knowing. Therefore when his errors outweigh that which he is correct in it is deserving to leave depending upon him in narrations.”
Ad-Daaruqutnee says in his Sunan [pg. 132]…., “no one reports it from Musa ibn Abee Aa`ishah except Abu Haneefah and al-Hasan ibn Umaarah and both are da`eef.”
Al-Haakim quotes in ‘Ma`rifah al-Ulum al-Hadeeth’ [pg. 256] amongst a group of narrators of the Atbaa` at-Taabi`een and those who came after them – whose ahaadeeth are not accepted in the Saheeh concluding by saying, “so all those we have mentioned are people well known for having narrated – but are not counted as being amongst the reliable precise memorisers.”
Al-Haafidh Abdul Haqq al-Ishbeelee mentions ‘al-Ahkaam al-Kubraa’ [q. 17/2], ….”Abu Haneefah is not used as a proof due to his weakness in hadeeth.”
Ibn al-Jawzee mentions him in ‘Kitaab ad-Du`faah wal Matrookeen’ [3/163] mentioning the weakening of the Imaams of him and from ath-Thawree that he said, “he is not trustworthy and precise.” And from an-Nadr ibn Shameel, “abandoned in hadeeth.”
Adh-Dhahabee says in ‘ad-Du`afaah’, “an-Nu`maan, the Imaam, may Allaah have mercy upon him. Ibn Adee said: most of what he narrates are mistakes, errors and additions and he has some acceptable ahaadeeth. An-Nasaa`ee said: he is not strong in hadeeth, he makes many errors and mistakes even though he does not narrate very much. Ibn Ma`een said: his hadeeth are not to be recorded.”
[Translators addition: al-Qurtobee said at the beginning of his tafseer [1/86], “…and Abu Haneefah and he is da`eef.”
Al-Haafidh al-Mubaarakfooree said in ‘Tuhfatul Ahwadhee’ [1/333], “…it is singularly narrated by Imaam Abu Haneefah and he has weak memory as was made clear by al-Haafidh ibn Abdul Barr. Allaah knows best,”]
Al-Albaanee says following his note on ibn Ma`een, “and the meaning of this report from ibn Ma`een is that with him Abu Haneefah is one of the da`eef narrators. This clarifies for us that the declaration of reliability of ibn Ma`een that al-Haafidh mentions in ‘at-Tahdheeb’ is not his only saying concerning him. What is correct is that he had varying opinions about him – sometimes declaring him reliable and at others declaring him weak as in this report. Sometimes he said, as is reported by ibn Mihriz in ‘Ma`rifah ar-Rijaal’ [1/6/2], ‘Abu Haneefah was alright and he had not used to lie’ and at other times, ‘Abu Haneefah was truthful in our view and he is not accused of lying.’
And there is no doubt in our view that Abu Haneefah was one of the truthful – but this is not enough for his ahaadeeth to be accepted until there is added to this precision and memory – and that is not established from him – may Allaah have mercy upon him, rather the opposite is established by the witness of the ulemaa whom we have mentioned – and they are those whose witness if accepted, will not lead the one who follows them astray – and that this is no way alters the position of Abu Haneefah – may Allaah have mercy upon him – as regards to his deen, piety and fiqh…since how many scholars, judges and pious people have had there memories criticised by the scholars of hadeeth and likewise their lack of precision – but none of that is taken to be a criticism of their deen or trustworthy character. And this is known to those who occupy themselves with the biographies of narrators – and the likes of this are the Qaadee Muhammad ibn Adur Rahmaan ibn Abee Laylaa, the scholar Hammaad ibn Abe Sulaymaan, the Qaadee Shareek ibn Abdullaah, and Abbaad ibn Katheer and others….”
He says in his ‘Prophets Prayer Described’ [pg.ix] , “…and this is the justification for why Abu Haneefah has sometimes unintentionally contradicted the authentic ahaadeeth – and it is perfectly acceptable reason for Allaah does not burden a soul with more than it can bear – it is not permissible to insult him for it as some ignorant people have done. In fact, it is obligatory to respect him, for he is one of the Imaams of the Muslims through whom this deen has been preserved and handed down to us…”
Al-Albaanee concludes his discussion in ad-Da`eefah by saying, “so we conclude with the words of adh-Dhahabee in ‘Siyar A`laam an-Nubulaa’ [5/288/1], ‘his being an Imaam in fiqh and its fine points is accepted and there is no doubt in this…’”
So in conclusion we would like to say: The criticism levelled against Abu Haneefah is not with regards his deen, or belief, or character or fiqh rather it was with regards his memorisation. So whosoever wishes to reply to this then let him address this point and not divert from the issue. End of Abu Rumaysah’s words.
Imam Ahmad weakening Imam Abu Hanifah
Most informations of this articles are taken from the book “Lamhat” of Shaykh Muhammad Rais Nadwi in refutation of “Anwarul Bari” of Al-Bajnori
It is written in “Musnad Ahmad” n 23077: “
‘Abdullah narrated to us: My father narrated to me: Ishaq ibn Yusuf narrated to us: Abu Fulanah narrated to us, this is how my father narrated, he did not name him on purpose, and others narrated to me and said: Abu Hanifah: from ‘Alqamah ibn Marthad from Sulayman ibn Buraydah from his father…”
Meaning that when Imam Ahmad narrated this narration containing Imam Abu Hanifah, he named him: ABU FULANAH, and this was done on purpose, not a slip of the tongue, while other narrated to him this Hadith while mentioning Abu Hanifah…
So it shows that Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal was seeing Imam Abu Hanifah as a weak narrator, and had some criticism of him.
Hafiz Al-Haythami wrote in his “Majma uz-Zawaid” v 1 p 166 about this narration of Imam Ahmad: “It (Isnad) contains a weak narrator, and because of his weakness, he was not named”
Al-Khawarzami mentioned this narration in his “Jami ul Masanid” v 1 p 121 via Imam Ahmad, but he named the narrator as Abu Hanifah. Also Qadhi Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibnul Hasan mentioned this narration from Abu Hanifah but not via Sulyaman ibn Buraydah from his father, but via Ishaq and Mus’ab ibn Maqdam. Also Shu’ayb Al-Arnaut said that Abu Hanifah in narration of Imam Ahmad was the famous Imam Abu Hanifah Nu’man ibn Thabit.
And Imam Al-Bukhari is a student of Imam Ahmad, and when he said about Imam Abu Hanifah: “Sakatu ‘Anhu”, it includes his teachers…else he would say that some declared him to be Thiqah like my teacher Ahmad. Also some teachers like Al-Humaydi were students of Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah, ibnul Mubarak…So Imam Al-Bukhari knew the verdicts of these Imams on Abu Hanifah.
Ibnul Mubarak criticism on Imam Abu Hanifah
Qadhi ‘Iyad wrote in his “Tartibul Madarik” v 1 p 300 about Ibnul Mubarak: “He was in first place a companion of Abu Hanifah, then he left him and returned from his Madhab. Ibn Wadah said: He abandoned Abu Hanifah (his narrations) in his books and would not read (his Ahadith) to the people”
Ibn Hibban wrote in his “Thiqat” as mentioned in “Tankil” v1 p 386:
Umar ibn Muhammad Al-Bahiri: I heard Muhammad ibn Sahl ibn Askar: I heard Ibrahim ibn Shamas: I saw Ibnul Mubarak at last reading a book to people and whenever the name of Abu Hanifah was mentioned, he would say: “Idribu aley” and it was the last book he taught before his death”
Ibrahim ibn Shamas is Thiqah Saduq (“Tahzib” p 127)
Muhammad ibn Sahl ibn Askar is Thiqah (“Tahzib” v 9 p 207)
Umar ibn Muhammad Al-Bahiri is Thiqah (“Tazkiratul Hufaz” v 2 p 286)
Moreover, there are similar narrations in “Tarikh Baghdad” v 13 p 413-414
So Al-Khateeb is not alone in reporting these narrations and there are many such narrations.
Imam Al-Bukhari narrated in his “Tarikh Kabeer” (Tarjumah Sufyan Ath-Thawri v 4 p 92 and “Sagheer” p 187:
“’Abdan said to us from Ibnul Mubarak: When you desired, you would see Sufyan praying. When you desired, you would see him narrating. When you desired, you would see him in fiqh subtleties. As for the Majlis I witnessed, there would be no Salah send on the Prophet (saw), meaning the Majlis of Nu’man (Abu Hanifah)”
Abdan is a narrator of two Sahihayn, there are 110 of his narrations in “Sahih Al-Bukhari”.
Al-Khateeb in his “Tarikh Baghdad” (v 13 p 414) brought a similar narration from Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Shaqeeq, another student of ibnul Mubarak, from ibnul Mubarak:
“I have never heard Salah on the Prophet (saw) in the Majlis of Abu Hanifah”
And Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Shaqeeq is a narrator of Al-Bukhari and others and a close student of ibnul Mubarak.
Al-Khateeb brought a similar narration via Abu Dawud in v 5 p 311.
So Al-Bukhari and others narrated the same as what Al-Khateeb narrated from students of ibnul Mubarak about their teacher Ibnul Mubarak.
Would all these narrators of Sahih Al-Bukhari and students of ibnul Mubarak gather and lie upon their Shaykh Ibnul Mubarak?
Al-Humaydi and Al-Marwazi on Imam Abu Hanifah
Imam Bukhari said : I asked Abdullah ibn Zubayr Al-Humaydi about Abu Hanifah and he said : A man who has not with him Sunan of the Prophet (saw) nor from his companions in rites and others, how can he be trusted in Ahkam of Allah in inheritance, Zakah, Salah and things of Islam (“Tarikh Sagheer” p 156)
Imam Muhammad ibn Nasr Al-Marwazi in his “Qyam layl” said that Abu Hanifah does not allow Witr except 3 and this is because of his little knowledge of Hadith and little sitting with scholars.
Hafiz Ibn Abdil Barr’s weakening of Abu Hanifah
Hafiz ibn Abdil Barr wrote in “Tamhid” v 11 p 48:
He said: “Whoever has an Imam, the recitation of the Imam is his recitation”. This Hadith has been narrated by Jabir Ju’fi from Abu Zubayr from Jabir from the Prophet (saw), and Jabir Ju’fi is weak in Hadith having a filthy Mazhab, none should base anything on him. Abu Hanifah narrated this Hadith from Musa ibn Abi ‘Aishah from Abdullah ibn Shaddad ibnul Hadi from Jabir ibn Abdillah from the Prophet (saw), and none mentioned this Hadith in a Musnad way (continuous chain) except Abu Hanifah and he has bad memory (Say ul Hifz) for Ahlul Hadith, and he opposed Huffaz such as Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Shu’bah, ibn ‘Uyaynah, Jariri and others who narrated from Musa ibn Abi ‘Aishah from Abdullah ibn Shaddad in a Mursal way (meaning name of Sahabi is omitted)”
Ibn Abdil Barr told that Imam Abu Hanifah had bad memory (Say ul Hifz) for Ahlul Hadith…He did not even say that Ahlul Hadith differ upon him…So with his great knowledge he clearly knew that Abu Hanifah was not Thiqah for Ahlul Hadith.
Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali on Imam Abu Hanifah
Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali wrote in his “Al-Mankhul” about Abu Hanifah:
“He did not know the Ahadith this is why he would accept weak Ahadith and reject the authentic ones”
Muhammad ‘Awamah and liar Al-Himani
About Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Sult Al-Mughalis Al-Himani, also known as Ahmad ibn Atiyah, read the verdicts of Alhlul Hadith, as quoted by Shaykh Mu’alimi in his “Tankeel”
Ibn Adi said: “I have not seen in the liars someone having less Haya than him, he was Matruk (abandoned).” (See “Al-Kamil” and also “Al-Lisan”)
Ibn Hibban said: “I knew he was fabricating Hadith”
Ad-Daraqutni said: “He was fabricating (Hadith)” (“Tarikh Baghdad” v 5 p 104)
Al-Hakim: “Ibn Sult narrates from Qa’nabi, Musaddad, ibn Abi Uwais and Bishr ibn Walid Ahadith he fabricated”
Al-Barqani declared him to be Matruk
Az-Zahabi said about him “Kazzab” (great liar), “Fabricator”
And despite this, Al-Kawthari defended him, Qurshi mentioned him in his “Jawahir Al-Madhiyah” among Hanafi great scholars, and of course Al-Qurshi did mention any of these words that ibn Hajar and Zahabi will quote, and neither Qurshi could find anyone declaring him to be thiqah…
Also despite this, Muhammad ‘Awammah in his book “Athar ul Al-Hadeeth Ash-Shareef” (p 86) mentioned a narration of this fabricator Al-Himani, in which Al-Amash said to Abu Hanifah that Fuqaha are doctors and we (Muhadith) are pharmacists” (as mentioned in “Asbab Ikhtilaf Fuqaha” of shaykh Irshad ul Haqq Al-Athari)
So it shows that these people have no shame to take from liars to justify that their Imam was the more knowledgeable of all.
Weak and fabricated narrations quoted by Mahdi Hasan
The Deobandi Mufti Mahdi Hasan wrote a book called “Kashf ul Ghamah ‘an Siraj ul Ummah” in which he tried to prove that Abu Hanifah was Thiqah and not weak, and he quoted many fabrications and weak narrations. Shaykh Rais Nadwi replied to his book in his “Majmu’ah Maqalat par Salafi Tahqiqi Jaizah”.
Below we will first have weak narration mentioned by Mahdi Hasan, then the answer will be taken and adapted from Shaykh Rais Nadwi’s work.
Narration of Ibrahim ibn ‘Ikrimah
From Ibrahim ibn ‘Ikrimah: “I have not seen in my time someone more fearful, pious, worshiping, and knowledgeable than Abu Hanifah” (“Kashf Al-Ghamah” p 46)
Answer: Mahdi Hasan did not mention the Isnad, but in “Tarikh” of Al-Khateeb v 13 p 347, we see that Isnad contains ibn Sai’d and he is Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Sa’id known as ibn ‘Uqdah who is a liar, see “Lisan” v 1 p 363-266.
Narration of ‘Ali ibn ‘Asim
From ‘Ali ibn ‘Asim, he said: “If the intelligence of Abu Hanifah was weighted with the intelligence of the people of the earth, then it would be superior” (“Kashf Al-Ghamah” p 46)
Answer: Mahdi Hasan did not mention the Isnad, but in “Tarikh” of Al-Khateeb v 13 p 363, we see that the Isnad contains Muhammad ibn Shuja’ Ath-Thalaji who is a liar.
Narration of Wakee’
From Wakee’, he said: “Abu Hanifah had a great Amanah (trust), and he would favour the satisfaction of Allah over anything, even if he was to face swords for Allah, he would face them” (“Kashf Al-Ghamah” p 46-47)
Answer: Mahdi Hasan did not mention the Isnad, but in “Tarikh” of Al-Khateeb v 13 p 358, we see in the Isnad Ahmad ibn Muflis who is a liar.
Narration of Abdullah ibn Dawud al-Wasiti:
“From ibn Dawud, he said: If you desire the narrations then Sufyan, and if you desire these deep points, then Abu Hanifah” (“Kashf Al-Ghamah” p 47)
Answer: Mahdi Hasan did not mention Isnad, but in “Tarikh” of Khateeb v 13 p 344, and there is Abu Muhammad Tamar in the Isnad, and Al-Bukhari said “Fihi Nazar”, Abu Hatim said “He is not strong (Qawi), his Hadith contain Manakir”, Abu Ahmad Hakim said “he is not strong (Mateen) for them”, An-Nasai said “weak”, Ibn Hibban said “Munkar ul Hadith Jiddan (very rejected in Hadith), he narrates Manakir from famous narrators, it is not permissible to base on his narration”, Ad-Daraqutni said “weak”.
Narration of ibn ul Mubarak
From Abdullah ibnul Mubarak, he said: “If Allah did not help me with Abu Hanifah and Sufyan Ath-Thawri, I would have been like ordinary people” (Kashf Al-Ghamah p 47)
Answer: Mahdi Hasan did not mention Isnad, but in “Tarikh” of Al-Khateeb v 13 p 336-337, we see that the Isnad contains Hamid ibn Adam who is a liar, see “Lisan ul Mizan” v 2 p 163)
Narration of Muhammad ibn Bishr
Mahdi Hasan quoted a narration of Muhammad ibn Bishr in which he said that when he would leave Abu Hanifah and go to Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ath-Thawri would say: “You are coming from the most Faqih of this earth” (Kashf Al-Ghamah p 47)
Answer: Mahdi Hasan did not mention Isnad, but in “Tarikh” of Khateeb v 13 p 344, in the Isnad, there is Jandal ibn Waliq Al-Kufi, and Muslim declared him to be “Matruk” (abandoned), Al-Bazar said: “He is not strong”.
Also it is authentically narrated from Ath-Thawri that he criticized harshly Abu Hanifah, but these people do not accept the authentic narrations, rather prefer these weak and fabricated stories.
Narration of Yazid ibn Harun
From Yazid ibn Harun, he said: I have reached people, but I have not seen anyone more intelligent and pious than Abu Hanifah” (“Kashf Al-Ghamah” p 47)
Answer: Mahdi Hasan did not mention the Isnad, but in “Tarikh” of Al-Khateeb v 13 p 364, we see that the Isnad contains Nuwayd Hariri, and none declared him to be Thiqah.
Narration of Sulayman
From Muhammad ibn Hafs from Al-Hasan from Sulayman, he said: “The end of time will not come until knowledge becomes predominant, he said: the knowledge of Abu Hanifah” (“Kashf Al-Ghamah” p 48)
Answer: Mahdi Hasan did not mention the Isnad, but in “Tarikh” of Al-Khateeb v 13 p 336, this narration comes with narrator Hasan ibn Sulayman and Mahdi Hasan altered this and made it “Al-Hasan from Sulayman”, and Hasan ibn Sulayman is Munkar ul Hadith, see “Lisan ul Mizan” v 4 152 and there are other narrators whose mention has not been found by Shaykh Rais, so they are unknown people.
Narration of Shaddad ibn Hakeem
From Muhammad ibn Ahmad Al-Balkhi, he said: I heard Shadad ibn Hakeem saying: “I have not seen more knowledgeable than Abu Hanifah” (“Kashf Al-Ghamah” p 48)
Answer: Muhammad ibn Ahmad Al-Balkhi was drinking wine, see “Lisan” v 1 p 260.
Baseless narrations from Al-Awza’i and ibn ‘Uyaynah
Mahdi Hasan mentioned a story in which Al-Awza’i said to Abu Hanifah that “We are perfume seller and you are doctors”, and also Ibn Uyanah saying that he did not see anyone praying more than Abu Hanifah, and these sayings are quoted in “Mirqat” of Mulla Ali Qari without any isnad, while in many authentic narrations Al-Awza’i and ibn ‘Uyaynah criticized Abu Hanifah.
Weak and fabricated narrations in “Hadith or Ahlul Hadith”
A Ghali Deobandi Muqalid, Anwar Khursheed wrote a book entitled “Hadith or Ahlul Hadith” in which he brought many narrations to show the status of Abu Hanifah, and many of these narrations contains liars and unknown narrators.
First there will be the narration quoted in “Hadith or Ahlul Hadith”, then the answer will be taken from “Hadith or Ahlut Taqlid” of Shaykh Dawud Arshad who refuted this book.
Narration from Malik
“Hadith or Ahlul Hadith” p 28 quoting from “Akhbar Abu Hanifah wa Ashabihi” p 74:
“Abdullah ibnul Mubarak said that he was present in a sitting of Imam Malik, and a old man came, and when he left Imam Malik said: “Do you know who he is?” and the people present replied they did not know him and he said: “He is Abu Hanifah, he lives in ‘Iraq, if he tells you that these pillars are in gold, they will be as such, he has received such a Tawfeeq in Fiqh that he finds no difficulty in this subject”
Answer: the narrator from ibnul Mubarak is Jubarah ibn Mughlis al-Himani, and Imam Yahya declared him to be a liar (“Tahzib ul Kamal” v 1 p 436). And the next narrator is Ahmad Al-Himani and he is also a liar as it has preceded.
Narration from Ash-Shafi’i
“Hadith or Ahlul Hadith” p 39 quoting from “Tarikh Baghdad” v 13 p 346:
“Ash-Shafi’i said: “Attach yourself to Abu Hanifah and his students, because people are dependant in Fiqh to Abu Hanifah”
Answer: the narration contains the liar Ahmad Al-Hamani.
Also quoting from “Manaqib Abu Hanifah” of Al-Kurdari p 99 that Ash-Shafi’i said that he did not see anyone more Faqih than Abu Hanifah.
Answer: This narration also comes from “Tarikh Baghdad” of Al-Khateeb v 13 p 346, and one of its narrators, Zakariya ibn Abdur Rahman is Majhul.
Narration from ibn ‘Uyaynah
“Hadith or Ahlul Hadith” p 30 quoting from “Akhbar Abi Hanifah” of As-Sumayri p 76:
“The scholars were these: ibn ‘Abbas in his time, Imam Sha’bi in his time, Abu Hanifah in his time and Sufyan Ath-Thawri in his time”
Answer: This narration contains Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al-Halwani who is Majhul
Narration from Yahya ibn Sa’id Al-Qattan
“Hadith or Ahlul Hadith” p 31 quoting from “Muqadimah Kitab ut Ta’lim” of Mas’ud ibn Shaybah:
“Yahya ibn Sa’id Al-Qattan said: “By Allah, Abu Hanifah is the most knowledgeable of what is said by Allah and His Messenger”
Answer: There is no Isnad from Mas’ud ibn Shaybah to Yahya ibn Sa’id al-Qattan, and Mas’ud ibn Shaybah is Majhul as said by ibn Hajar in his “Lisan” v 2 p 26.
Narration from Abdullah ibn Dawud Al-Khuraybi
“Hadith or Ahlul Hadith” quoting from “Akhbar Abi Hanifah” of As-Sumayri p 79:
“Only two people attribute blame to Abu Hanifah: an ignorant who does not know the level of his speech or a jealous who does not know his knowledge”
Answer: This narration contains Muhammad ibn Shuja’ Al-Baghdadi Al-Hanafi, and he was a Jahmi who was saying that the speech of Allah is created, Imam Ahmad declared him to be an innovator, ibn ‘Adi said that he would fabricate narrations to attack Muhadiths. As-Saji said that he would fabricate Ahadith to support his Madhab and reject Ahadith. See “Tahzib ul Kamal” v 6 p 344” and “Mizan ul I’tidal” v 3 p 578
The aim of these Muqalids is to propagate lies that their Imam Abu Hanifah was the most knowledgeable of the Imams, that is why one should not act on Hadith even if other Imams did such. So this is the deception of these Ghali Muqalids.
And majority of Ahlul Hadith criticized or weakened Imam Abu Hanifah like Al-Awza’i, Ath-Thawri, Malik, Ahmad ibn Hambal, Ali ibnul Madini, ibn ‘Uyaynah, al-Bukhari, Muslim and others but the Muqalid tried to reject these sayings and said that these Muhadiths were biased.
And instead of following narrations of thiqah narrators about Imam Abu Hanifah, they follow narrations of liars and unknown people, propagate them among laymen so that none asks for daleel and blindly follows their Imam, Allahul Musta’an…